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Gender and Media : how the TV portray gender ?
Résumé de l'exposé
It exists many way in the society to influence the view of men and women. Nowadays, media seems to be the most relevant and powerful. David Gauntlett clearly considers the fact that it's impossible to think that media doesn't affect people and their way to perceive and consider the world. Media can be define as being a technological process which make easier the communication between the message transmitter and its recipient. This definition include TV and press but we can also include the new way of communication like the social networks. As the definition says : ?Norms, practices and ideas with a regulative function which are not written down in any law. As for the formal institutions, the disobedience is sanctioned but not by the law. It is socially sanctioned here. Powerful and difficult to change.?, we can consider media as an informal institutions because even if it doesn't exist a specific regulation which says what is available or not, some rules have to be respected.
Sommaire de l'exposé
Extraits de l'exposé
[...] Historically, women aren't linked to the political universe. A woman can do politics but (instead of men) she has to prove by the media that she can take care of her social life. It's the reason we can notice a movement in the link between private life of politician women and media : women can push their life forward to communicate through media. However, can we consider this movement only for women ? Nowadays, it's difficult to answer this question by saying yes because many politician men do the same process. [...]
[...] It proves the idea that the under- representation of women in media is a phenomenon on the screen and also outside the screen The under-representation of women on TV News Twenty years ago, a study made by the institution Media Watch about women's portrayal in the news media was established in seventy-one countries and the analysis is alarming. The average of the study said that only 17% of the world's news subject were women. The highest rates are in United States and in Sweden Contrary to men who appear in news stories about politics, business or economy, women feature in subject which deals with feminine domains of health or social. [...]
[...] We can focus on three examples : Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003) and Friends (1994-2004). Buffy the Vampire Slayer had an important impact for teenage girls in 90's. For the first time ever, a TV woman character was as powerful and heroic as a superhero in comics. Joss Whedon, Buffy's creator, said ?Buffy is a good role model for not just girls but for everybody because she has to use her wits and her physical strenght to Buffy Summers proves that a women can be independent , strong and brave as male character but she is the first character who can be a model for girls, but also boys. [...]
[...] TV channels absolutely want to give their reality to the viewers even if it's a fake one. Other example, the American TV channel illustrates this tendency . is famous for their teenager TV shows and reality shows. We can notice this when we show the television schedule of the channel. Every TV shows is made for the American teen people (e.g Jane the Virgin; Crazy ex- girlfriend) and that's the reason of why they give a irrelevant view of the society. [...]
[...] The image given by this channel consist to say that beauty and youth define the femininity and women. The documentary ?Miss-representation? by Jennifer Newson (2011) confirms this idea of misrepresentation and add that the wrong representation of women on TV shows in the United States happened because the Federal Communication Commission, a formal and independent agency of the United States government, doesn't respect their formal mission which consist to "make available so far as possible, to all the people of the United States, without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex, rapid, efficient, Nationwide, and world- wide wire and radio communication services with adequate facilities at reasonable charges". [...]
À propos de l'auteurDouglas D.Etudiant Médias divers
- Grand public
- Etude suivie
- Ecole, université
- Sciences Po...
Descriptif de l'exposé
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- 4 pages
- grand public
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